Ultimate Guide to Fashion Tech Packs Part II ( What Does Fashion Tech Pack Include )
Ultimate guide to fashion tech packs part II is a continuation to our previosu post of our Ultimate Guide Series. If you have not read Ultimate Guide to Fashion Tech Packs Part I please read it. In this article we will explain the tech pack with visual examples and the importance of it in garment industry. I am writing my experience as a fashion tech pack designer. If you like and find it interesting please give your love by following my Instagram page.
What does a Fashion Tech Pack Include?
The content of a tech pack is subjective and depends on the type of product and its design. Tech pack designers may include extra information beyond basic requirements in their tech packs. A garment tech pack outlines common information, although specifics can vary based on the design. To the untrained eye, tech pack information may seem complex. But, it is straightforward for those familiar with its contents and usage. And the intent to prepare a tech pack is to simplify the process not to complicate it. There are certain points that are common and mandatory in every tech pack. Let’s discuss what an ideal tech pack should include.
Product Brief or Style Brief
This is the basic information about the style that designers and manufacturers refer. Information in the style brief includes Style Name, Product Code, Type, Color, Gender, Age group, etc. Some Additional information some include are Date of Creation, Season, and Country of Origin. This information serves as a reference for the product in meetings and calls with manufacturers.
Fashion Flats / Technical Flats / Technical Drawing / Flat Sketch
As in the heading, whatever you call it, all mean the same thing. Here we refer to it as flat sketch. Fashion flats showcase design details from various angles: front, back, side, and inside. This give a overall picture of a garment look and is essential for pattern making. Flat sketch should be made using CAD software and in black and white for clarity. The technical flat sketch is the building block upon which garment tech pack is prepared. Having a comprehensive garment flat sketch is essential before starting the tech pack. For detailed information about the fashion flat sketch design process, refer to the post “Fashion Flats“.
Professional Flat Sketches Making Process
Here are some of the tips to prepare a comprehensive fashion flat sketches. Always include multiple views of the garment. You should show front, back, side and inside out view of the garment. Adopt a detail oriented approach. Include all trims so that it gives an understanding about what goes where. The details include collars, plackets, cuffs, fastenings, bar tacks, and artwork placement. Ensure every seam, dart, stitch, and button is accurately represented. Use solid lines for seam lines and dashed lines for stitching in the sketches. Avoid overcomplicating sketches unless it is necessary. Use plain black and white without shading for clarity.
Color or Print Options / Color Combo
This section in the tech pack outlines what color the garment is getting produced. And color options also give an idea what color goes well with the garment and more likely to gain sales. During preparation of the tech pack you should have the color options for the style. Whichever option looks good and have selling potential you can produce that option. Always use the pantone color code when providing color options on the tech pack. Garment Industry follow the Pantone color code for fabric dying and printing.
Stitching & Garment Construction Details
Stitching and construction details of a style is very useful in the assembly line. During batch processing of a garment what stitch goes on which part and what is the SPC/SPI. Those details are important instruction for line manager or production manager. Stitching types, seam placement, buttons and zipper placement, stitch type are the example. If those details are not specified in order there is every chance that you get wrong product. I have written a detailed post. Please refer to “stitching and garment construction detailing”.
Embellishment Details (Prints / Embroidery / Applique)
The beauty of a garment is in its embellishments and makes it worth wearing. Embellishment details are the integral part of a tech pack and should be explained properly. Be it print or embroidery or applique or patch work, the details should be given with vector files and color code.
Trims Label and Care Information
Trims make the garment look rich and also a part of branding. Care Label, Main label, Loop label and patch work, zipper pullers are part of trims. Care instructions are useful, guiding end customers on how to clean and maintain each garment after purchase.
Measurement Guideline and Graded Garment Measurement Spec Sheet
Measurement spec sheet is the most important document in the tech pack. It gives the detailed measurement of a garment for pattern making. Spec sheet has two components. Measurement guideline and the 2nd is the graded spec sheet from smallest size to bigger. The measurement guideline is a graphical presentation explaining how to take measurements. This is indicated either by Numbers or alphabetical letters. And the spec sheet gives the measurement against those alphabetical indicators. Also, in the spec sheet the name of the pointer is provided. Some advanced measurement spec sheet also mention tolerance for the respective sizes. Common measurements in a spec sheet are body length, chest, waist, hips, armhole, shoulder drop, and neck opening. Those are called base measurement. A details spec sheet may contain more points. Refer to Garment Measurement Specification Post for a detailed explanation on Measurement spec sheet.
Bills of Material (BOM)
Bills of Material (BOM) is the checklist of all raw material to be used in a garment production. This may also include expected price of raw materials calculated in per piece basis. BOM is often presented in table format usually in spread sheet. And the table includes cost and consumption of all raw materials used to make one garment. The details include, fabric, thread, trims, closures, labels, and packaging etc. It should list quantities for each item in a separate column for easy visualization and calculation. Please refer to “Bills of Materials: Essential for Apparel Cost Estimation” for a detailed study about BOM.
Additional To Tech Pack Components
Commonly used parts like tags, labels, sewing thread, and packaging materials are essential for any costing table, regardless of the product type. While not mandatory, including these details is beneficial.
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